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    Title: 性別角色取向、共依附特質與高中生生涯成熟度之相關研究
    Other Titles: A study on relationships among gender role, co-dependency, and career maturity of high school students
    Authors: 劉凡嘉;Liu, Fan-Chia
    Contributors: 淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班
    韓貴香
    Keywords: 性別角色;共依附;生涯成熟;Gender role;co-dependency;career maturity
    Date: 2014
    Issue Date: 2015-05-04 09:18:59 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究旨在探討高中生的性別角色取向、共依附特質與生涯成熟度三者之相關,研究以852位台北地區公立高中學生為對象,採問卷調查法進行資料蒐集,所使用的研究工具包括(一)基本資料調查、(二)性別特質量表、(三)共依附量表與(四)生涯成熟量表,經統計分析後的主要研究結果為:

    一、在整體性別角色取向上,不管是男性或女性,皆以「未分化」所佔的比例最高,其次則為「兩性化」。

    二、高中生在「認同照顧者角色」之共依附特質上,女性高於男性;「男性化」在生涯成熟度各層面上並未高於「女性化」。

    三、高中生在「生涯發展認知」之生涯成熟度上,女性顯著高於男性;三年級學生在「生涯發展認知」之生涯成熟度上顯著高於一年級,且在「生涯規劃態度」之生涯成熟度上顯著高於一、二年級。

    四、在整體生涯成熟度上,包括「生涯發展認知」與「生涯規劃態度」,皆以「兩性化」最高,同時「男性化」與「女性化」又顯著高於「未分化」。

    五、「認同照顧者角色」對高中生的「生涯發展認知」與「生涯規劃態度」具預測力,而「透過關係獲得意義感」對高中生的「生涯規劃態度」亦具預測力。

    六、「性別角色取向」對高中生「生涯發展認知」與「生涯規劃態度」均具預測力,且「兩性化」之預測力最高。

    根據此結果,本研究提出進一步討論,並提供未來研究方向與實務上之建議。
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relations between gender role, co-dependency and career maturity in high school students. Questionnaire survey method was used to collect data from 852 public high school students in Taipei. Four research instruments were used in this study, including personal background information, gender role scale, co-dependency scale and career maturity scale. The major findings were as follows:

    1.Both in male and female, the “undifferentiated” had the highest percentage, followed by “androgynous”.

    2.Female high school students had higher “identified caretaking activities” than male students. “Masculine” and “feminine” had no significant difference in all aspect of
    “career maturity”.

    3.Female high school students had higher “career development of cognitive” than male students. The third-year students had higher “career development of cognitive” than the first-year students, and had higher “career planning attitude” than first/second-year students.

    4.In whole career maturity, including “career development of cognitive” and “career planning attitude”, “androgynous” had the highest impact, and “masculine” and “feminine” are both higher than “undifferentiated”.

    5.The “identified caretaking activities” can both effectively predict “career development of cognitive” and “career planning attitude”, and “attempts to derive a sense of purpose through relationships” can also predict “career planning attitude”.

    6.The “gender role” can both effectively predict “career development of cognitive” and “career planning attitude”, and “androgynous” had the highest predictive power.

    Based on the research results, further suggestions and discussions were made and future recommendations were also proposed.
    Appears in Collections:[教育心理與諮商研究所] 學位論文

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