筆者認為俄羅斯的柔性權力是跟著實際政策在改變，國家與政府機關為主導柔性權力發展的首要機構，俄羅斯政府企圖增加本身柔性權力是因為想提高自身的影響力，恢復俄羅斯強國地位，進而增進本身的國家利益，因此對於俄羅斯來說，柔性權力僅是俄國政府達成外交政策的一種工具。 In recent years, the importance of soft power has been taken seriously. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia''s international status, as well as its overall strength has been declined. So the Russian official wants to enhance its power by means of soft power policy. The purposes of the thesis are to explore: (1)The formation of Russia''s post-Cold War era of soft power diplomacy;(2)The development of the Russian soft power diplomacy to Commonwealth of Independent States; (3) The results of Russia''s soft power diplomacy and the impact to the Commonwealth of Independent States. The author argues that Russian soft power is followed by the actual policy change. The state and government agencies play a leading role for the development of Russian soft power. The Russian government is trying to increase its own soft power in order to improve their influence, and thus promote itself national interests. For the Russia soft power is a tool to achieve the goal of its foreign policy for the Russian government.