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    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/101787

    題名: 由新現實主義視角探討釣魚臺主權爭議
    其他題名: The study of disputes on the Diaoyutai Islands : a perspective of neo-realism
    作者: 孫亦韜;Sun, I-Tao
    貢獻者: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班
    王高成;Wang, Kao-cheng
    關鍵詞: 新現實主義;釣魚臺列嶼;主權爭議;剩餘主權;Neo-realism;Diaoyutai Islands;suspensive sovereignty;residual sovereignty
    日期: 2014
    上傳時間: 2015-05-04 09:18:15 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 維護國家領土主權完整,向來是各國政府的首要任務。面對領土爭議,各國幾乎一致地主張「寸土必爭、寸土不讓」,而國際間任何的領土爭議,都是導因於敵對國家有關主權立場的衝突。這類領土衝突有三大原因,包括爭相主張領土主權、爭奪天然資源、及爭奪戰略要點等;這些都是基於國家對主權的固有堅持與維護領土完整的決心,釣魚臺列嶼爭議是新現實主義的典型體現。
    Safeguarding the integrity of national territory has always been the prime concern for all governments in the world. Facing territorial dispute, almost no country shall concede the loss of any piece of land; accordingly, any international territorial dispute must have resulted from a conflict on competing sovereignty positions between rivalry nations. There are three primary causes for such territorial conflicts, including competing claims for sovereignty, struggle for natural resources, and struggle for strategic points, all of which have their roots in a nation’s intrinsic insistence on sovereignty and its resolution for territorial integrity. The dispute of Diaoyutai Islands (Senkaku Islands) is a typical incarnation of neo-realism.
    The 21st century is a new epoch for human exploitation of the ocean as well as a critical era for the struggle of ‘blue territory.’ Since the United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) came into effect in 1982, many countries have upgraded the defense of maritime interests, consolidation of maritime security, development and utilization of the ocean to the echelon of national strategy. They have adopted measures such as expedition of enactment at home and promotion of collaboration abroad to solidify their effectual control and support sovereignty claims. Ultimately, these measures serve to advance unilateral national interests.
    The issue of the Diaoyutai Islands involves national core interests such as independent sovereignty, maritime interests, and territorial integrity. It is imperative for our government to formulate sound policy and strategy to deal with this critical issue and protect our immense interests.
    From the perspectives of neo-realism, national power is the ultimate factor in terms of diplomatic intercourse and resolution of disputes; credibility of initiatives in international affairs is ultimately hinged upon comparative advantage in national power. Consequently, for the resolution of the issue of the Diaoyutai Islands, among all likely solutions such as observation of international laws, employment of negotiation skills, and leverage of diplomatic tact and finesse, augmentation of national power is still the prerequisite and takes the highest priority.
    顯示於類別:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文


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