This research discusses the topic of anti-globalization by using strategic analysis approach. This thesis focuses on the interaction between multinational corporations (MNCs) and nation states and make Taoyuan RCA pollution incident as the case of empirical analysis.
In the analysis of anti-globalization, by examining actor, power and purpose’s change of MNCs and nation states in the transformation of global environment, this research discover that both of MNCs and nation states are facing increase and decline of their power in different parts. Reviewing the transformation of MNCs and nation states in chapter one to three, this thesis have two results. First, in the power of driving globalization ahead, political factor is bigger than economic factor. Second, in those part, the thesis describe the structure of how Taoyuan RCA pollution incident happened.
In the case analysis, this thesis sets limitation of time period from the end of Cold War to 1970, which is the time that RCA establish factory in Taiwan, as the historical environment part in strategic analysis approach. In one hand, RCA faced the increase of cost and international competition; and in the other hand, Republic of China (ROC) was half made to liberate its market because of the dependence of U.S.. When RCA in Taiwan, ROC government was not an appropriate actor in stabilize the society. By reviewing many news and research, this thesis realizes that between 1970 and 1992, the shut-down of RCA factory, Taiwan RCA violated the law several times and the government did not have the power to make the polluter to improve their behavior and only fine the polluter and revert the environment after the incident appear on the media. However, there were still some advance like relevant laws and rules were improved and perfect after this incident.
In sum, Taoyuan RCA incident is a classical pollution-globalization case that multinational capital produce negative outcome to developing country. ROC was thrived after that period, however, after this 22-year boost, ROC society pay the cost of environment and labor.