From the period of Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin to Hu Jintao, we observe that in different China historical periods, for its political stability, China has always adjusted the specific content of its strategies of maintaining stability with the needs of the public. For an authoritative regime, the mission of maintaining stability guarantees the political system operates effectively, achieve the long-term stable political situation, and even more, it helps the political leaders transfer orderly. After the reform, the Communist Party of China and the People''s Republic of China take much more attention on the maintenance of stability. During the Hu Jintao period, maintaining stability even becomes a priority policy.
Under Hu’s regime, the strategies of maintaining stability become more inflexible and more stressful. This kind of strategies has obvious inherent defects, and they even cause difficulties. Although the local governments invest their enormous resources in maintaining stability, they still can’t improve the socialcontradictions and social conflicts. China has fallen into a vicious circle. More strategies of maintaining stability bring more instability. More propaganda about harmony brings more discord.
The motivations and the purposes of this thesis:
1. Understand the strategies of maintaining stability of the four presidents (Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao). How they create and how they operate their strategies. And what influence their thinking.
2. Investigate the factors and contents of the strategies of maintaining stability of Hu’s period. And attempt to explain the situation: More strategies of maintaining stability bring more instabilities.
3. Analyze the practices of the strategies of maintaining stability of Hu’s period by the actual cases.
In China, the strategies of maintaining stability are sensitive issues and they also involve in political activities. That’s why we have few information about it and few scholars are willing to study it deeply. Therefore the author collected the related documents with the concepts of “social stability”, “social control”, “police”,“armed police, militiaman” and “group events ”.
This thesis uses documentary analysis. The documents about maintaining stability include books, periodicals, thesis, media reports and official files. Besides,the author tried to understand and analyze the development, the meanings and the contents of Hu Jintao’s strategies of maintaining stability with historical documents which include government gazettes, legislations, media reports, academic writings, thesis, periodicals and newspapers.
The conclusions of this thesis: the leaders of China have never given up autocracy. Every strategy of maintaining stability is based on “the stability of regime”, not based on “safeguard people’s benefits”. The political system limits the validity of the strategies of maintaining stability.
After the eighteenth National People’s Congress, Hu Jintao left office. The entire stability maintenance is led by Xi Jinping. He announced that the base of maintaining stability is ensuring people’s rights. It shows that Xi Jinping has correct understanding about stability, but whether he could breakthrough the current situation or not, we need to observe.