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    Title: 村上春樹文学における「僕」との分身関係 : 初期三部作と『ダンス.ダンス.ダンス』から見て─
    Other Titles: The 'alter ego' of Haruki Murakami's literature : applicated at the first three authors and "dance, dance, dance"
    Authors: 謝郁瑩;Hsieh, Yu-Ying
    Contributors: 淡江大學日本語文學系碩士班
    曾秋桂;Tseng, Chiu-kuei
    Keywords: 村上春樹;分身;自我療養;;初期三部作;舞.舞.舞;Haruki Murakami;alter ego;recuperation;protagonist;first three publication;Dance, Dance, Dance;;ダンス.ダンス.ダンス
    Date: 2014
    Issue Date: 2015-05-04 09:16:55 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本論文設定四個課題,探討村上春樹的初期三部作,以及《舞‧舞‧舞》等四部作品當中,主角「我」的分身關係。論文全篇分為四章進行考察。第一章至第三章,分別針對「鼠」、「羊男」、以及五反田,這三人與「我」的分身關係進行分析。第四章則著眼於三人的相互比較與變化。

    第一課題以初期三部作為中心,探討「鼠」與「我」自相識開始,到「鼠」自殺為止的關係變化。藉由兩人與家庭關係的分析比較,了解到「我」尋找分身的根本原因,與欠缺親密的親子關係有關。

    第二課題則是以「羊男」為研究對象,考察他在《尋羊冒險記》與《舞‧舞‧舞》兩部作品登場時,前後的角色變化,以及成為「我」的分身的過程。藉此得知由「鼠」至「羊男」的分身傳承關係,以及「羊男」扮演的連結功能。

    第三課題,分析《舞‧舞‧舞》當中,五反田與「我」的分身關係。五反田為消除自身定位的混亂,而殺害身為「影子」的奇奇。最終仍因為無法脫離封閉的循環,而選擇自殺。「我」因為與五反田的感覺共鳴,而將五反田視為分身。五反田的自殺,象徵「我」與過去封閉的自我分別而向前邁進。

    第四課題當中,比較「鼠」、「羊男」與「五反田」三人,和「我」的關係變化可發現,「我」因為與家庭關係並不親密,相當於缺少最初始的分身關係,因此引發後來尋找分身的行動。而最初《聽風的歌》當中,「我」因為喪失感而回顧過去的行為,也成為定型。「我」便是藉由不斷回顧過往,並尋找分身,而確定自己的定位,達到自我變革的最終目的。
    In this paper, the first three published novels of Haruki Murakami and “Dance, Dance, Dance” are examined in discussion of four topics under the alter ego of the protagonist. The paper is divided into four chapters, the first three analyses individually the characters of the Rat, the Sheep Man, and Gotanda as they represent the alter ego of the protagonist. The final chapter focuses on the comparison and changes of the three mentioned characters.

    The first topic is centred around the first three publications, exploring into the change of relationship between the protagonist and the Rat since the time of the two characters’ meeting until the moment of the Rat’s suicide. Through a comparative analysis of the two characters and their family relations, this paper argues that the base reason why the protagonist searches for an alter ego is related to a lack of a close parental relationship as a child.

    The second topic studies the Sheep Man and the change which takes place in this character from A Wild Sheep Chase to Dance, Dance, Dance, as well as the process of his transformation into the alter ego of the protagonist. Through this discussion, this paper will track the transition of the alter ego as it is inherited from the Rat to the Sheep Man, as well as the linkage role the character of the Sheep Man plays between the books.

    The third topic analyses the alter ego relationship between Gotanda and the protagonist. In order to eliminate the self-positioning chaos, Gotanda killed Kiki who is “the Shadow”. Failing to escape from the closed circulation, he chose to commit suicide. The protagonist experiences resonance with Gotanda’s feelings and further views him as an alter ego. The suicide of Gotanda symbolizes the separation of the protagonist from his old, closed off self before he moves on.

    The fourth topic compares the change of relationships between the Rat, the Sheep Man, and Gotanda to the protagonist. Through this process, this paper finds that the protagonist’s lack of a close relationship with their family results in a failure to manifest an original alter ego relationship, thus causing the protagonist’s pursuit for an alter ego. In Hear the Wind Sing, the protagonist’s reflection on their past behaviour, pursued out of a sense of loss, therefore becomes a model. The protagonist assures his self-positioning through constantly reflecting on the past and the seeking of an alter ego, and through these actions he reaches the final goal of a personal transformation.
    Appears in Collections:[日本語文學系暨研究所 ] 學位論文

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