全球化自由貿易思潮下，各國競相以洽簽區域貿易協定方式進行經濟整合，以確保其政治與經濟利益。然而，我國因國際地位特殊以及中國因素的影響，長期被排除在東亞地區FTA潮流之外，並逐漸浮現經貿邊緣化之危機。一般認為，台灣與日本地理上接近且經貿互補性高，若二國能締結FTA，雙方經貿利益將可同時獲得顯著提升。有鑑於此，本文擬從日台經貿發展及其戰略佈局的角度切入，全面評估日台推動FTA的可行性。本文首先彙整戰後日台經貿發展脈絡，以釐清二國經貿拓展階段及其雙邊連動關係；其次分析當前日台經貿戰略佈局，特別是二國具體策進措施與戰略競合之現象；最後並進一步從日台雙邊FTA發展現況中，評估日本與台灣簽署FTA的可行性。研究發現，雖然當前日台在貿易合作上已順利完成多項階段性成就，但阻礙雙邊洽簽FTA的不利因素仍未消除，而有待雙方政府採取更積極的策略來逐一克服。 Countries join regional economic integration to attain their political and economic interests by ratifying FTA in the global trend of free trade. Given special international status and China factor, Taiwan always is outside of this FTA trend and faces crisis of marginalization. Generally speaking, both of Taiwan and Japan can be improved mutually based on economic complementarity if they would ratify FTA. This thesis aims to evaluate possibility of Japan-Taiwan FTA in the viewpoint of development of bilateral economy and trade and strategic planning. First, it reviews the economy context of Japan and Taiwan after World War II for clarifying their mutual economic relations. Second, it analyzes strategic planning of Japan and Taiwan, including phases of bilateral economic relations and their strategic competition and cooperation. Finally, it evaluates the possibility of Japan-Taiwan FTA by comprehensive discussion of relative theories. It concludes that, although they have made several accomplishments of trade cooperation, but haven’t removed obstacles of ratifying FTA. Only by much more positive measures could Japan and Taiwan overcome all of these.