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    题名: 1950年後台灣與印尼之關係
    其它题名: Taiwan and Indonesia since 1950
    作者: 邱禹睿;Ciou, Yu-Ruei
    贡献者: 淡江大學亞洲研究所碩士班
    陳鴻瑜;Chen, Hung-Yu
    关键词: 台灣;印尼;經貿投資;技術合作;農業合作;Taiwan;Indonesia;Investment;Technology cooperation;Agricultural cooperation
    日期: 2014
    上传时间: 2015-05-04 09:15:46 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 印尼和台灣雖然分屬不同地理區域,但兩國歷史背景有相當類似之處,例如兩國曾分別被荷蘭和日本統治,當荷蘭統治台灣時,印尼和台灣發展出密切的貿易關係。二戰結束後,印尼取得獨立地位,雖然兩國未能建立外交關係,但基於雙方實質經貿關係之需要,在蘇哈托執政時期,雙方建立密切的經貿、投資關係,台灣在東南亞之投資,以印尼為主要選擇,是台灣最大的投資國。大約在2000年以後才被越南取代。儘管如此,當印尼進入民主化時期,台灣仍與印尼維持經貿、投資和農業合作。

    為了瞭解雙方關係,本文先從歷史背景探討台印雙邊政治關係,探討沒有邦交的台印如何建立實質關係、貿易與投資往來,檢視不同的因素下對實質關係所產生的影響及程度、台灣過去與現在提供哪些方法援助印尼。

    本研究使用公開解密的中華民國外交部檔案,也參考許多相關的學術著作、報章雜誌的文章以及網路資源。本項研究之著力點在說明兩個沒有邦交的國家,基於反共之意識型態,而建立密切的經貿、技術和農業合作關係。此可能為極為少見的案例。無論印尼發生政權更換、遭逢經濟危機,都未能撼動臺、印雙邊的非正式關係。最重要的原因是兩國沒有利益衝突之處,且台灣透過對印尼之經貿投資和農技援助,維護雙邊的友好關係。
    Indonesia and Taiwan is located on different geographic features, but they shared the similar historic background of reigning by Holland and Japan respectively. When Holland controlled Taiwan, its troops were dispatched from Indonesia and put forward trade relations with Taiwan. Indonesia got independence status in 1950, but she didn’t establish diplomatic relation with ROC (Taiwan). Bases on mutual economic interest, President Suharto endeavored to close economic relations with Taiwan. Indonesia becomes the first choice of Taiwan to invest in South East Asia, being the biggest invest state, which was superseded by Vietnam in 2000. However, when Indonesia entered into democratic era, Taiwan maintains very close economic relations, investment and agricultural cooperation with it.

    In order to understand the relations between Indonesia and Taiwan, I initiate to discuss historical background of Indonesia and Taiwan, and then the substantial political relations. Especially both two countries have no diplomatic relations, how did they move to establish substantial relations? Are the economic, invest, agricultural relations influenced by what kind of factors? All these economic and technologic cooperations definitely contributed to maintenance of relations of both countries.
    In my research I use the archives of Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ROC, and refer also many books, articles of scholars, essays on newspaper and website. My effort is going to analyze the reasons of closing economic relations between Indonesia and Taiwan. It is a rare case for such non-diplomatic state. No matter what the political change of Indonesia, suffering from economic crisis, Indonesia always keeps close economic relations with Taiwan. The major factors would be there is no interest conflict of both sides, and Taiwan generously provides investment and agricultural technology to Indonesia.
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