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    Title: 建築業都市更新風險管理關鍵成功因素探勘
    Other Titles: The exploration of the key success factors for the risk management of the urban renewal in architecture industry
    Authors: 陳翠燕;Chen, Tsui-Yan
    Contributors: 淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班
    廖述賢
    Keywords: 都市更新;風險管理目;關鍵成功因素;建築業;urban renewal;Risk management;Critical success factors;architecture industry
    Date: 2014
    Issue Date: 2015-05-01 16:11:28 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 我國在1998年11月公佈都市更新條例,正式邁入推動都市更新有法源依據的時代。2009年,中央政府成立「中央都市更新基金」挹注地方政府推動都市更新案,以期透過政府與民間結合的夥伴關係提高民間參與。但是,成果並不如預期。其主要因素在於人、制度、法規以及產業結構均存在問題,導致利害關係人之間缺乏信任、難以達成共識。
    本研究針對實施者與地主雙方因資訊不對稱、溝通不完全及其他不確定因素而產生投機心態或對立,影響都更的整合與推展,造成期限延長;甚至,阻礙都更實施,致衍生更高交易成本的問題加以探討。研究方法係以實施者及其利害關係人推動都市更新事業,自發起至實施完成的整個過程遭遇的問題與風險為主軸,經由(一)風險管理理論的應用;(二)瞭解地主、政府、實施者等三個參與實體的特性;(三)探討民間推動都更實務時的障礙、困境與風險;(四)對具體的都市更新個案以及參與推動的專家進行問卷訪談之研究分析;以及(五)對相關文獻、制度、法令、個案、實務面專訪等之綜合研究而探討都市更新事業關鍵成功因素。
    本研究認為問題的產生係因制度不健全造成實質性、不確定性與結構性衝突增加所致。其不僅無助都市更新,更影響產業發展。因此,本研究除了探討更新事業如何降低風險或消除障礙的課題之外,並提出都市更新事業的產業結構改造的思考,以促進民間參與都市更新事業的推動。
    The administration promulgated the Urban Renewal Act in November 1998, which initiated the era of formal legislation for urban renewal. In 2009, the central government established the "central urban renewal fund” in order to assist local governments advancing urban renewal projects, and to coordinate the building of a public-private partnership to further participation from private sectors. However, the results are not as expected. The main reason lies in problems about the people, institutions, regulations and structure of the industry involved, which lead to lack of mutual trust between stakeholders. Thus it is difficult to reach a consensus.
    In this study, the author tries to explore the phenomenon of opportunism or even antagonism between the implementers and landlords caused by information asymmetry, incomplete communication or other uncertain factors, which accordingly result in drag on the integration and promotion of urban renewal projects or even lead to procrastination in the implementation thereof that could in addition raise transaction costs atrociously. This study takes as its main theme the problems and risks faced by the implementers and stakeholders initiated since the beginning of urban renewal process to its completion to explore fully said process with a view to figuring out the relevant key success factors, through (a)the application of risk management theory; (b)understanding the characteristics of the three participant parties, i.e. the landowners, the governments and the implementers; (c)the exploration on the obstacles, difficulties and risks faced by the private sectors in the implementation of urban renewal; (d)the analysis on specific implemented cases and questionnaire interviews on experts involved in urban renewal projects, and(e)comprehensive study on literature, institutions, laws and regulations, specific cases, and practical interviews to understand thoroughly urban renewal practices.
    The author argues that the aforementioned problems are caused by shortcomings in urban renewal regime that lead to increase in substantial, uncertain and structural conflicts. Besides exploring the issues of risk reduction or hindrance elimination for the urban renewal industry, the author also suggests the possibility of structure reform to said party to promote the participation of private sectors in urban renewal.
    Appears in Collections:[管理科學學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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