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    Title: 環境保護運動的未來想像 : 以台灣與香港為例
    Other Titles: Future imagination of environmental movements : the case of Taiwan and Hong Kong
    Authors: 蘇志濤;So, Chi-Tao
    Contributors: 淡江大學未來學研究所碩士班
    陳建甫
    Keywords: 環境保護運動;環境保護團體;台灣;香港;environmental movements;Non-governmental Organization;Taiwan;hongkong
    Date: 2014
    Issue Date: 2015-05-01 13:42:58 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 環境保護運動已經成為全球重要的社會運動之一。台灣在解嚴之前民間社會就已經陸續發起反污染、反核電等環境保護運動,香港的環境保護運動大多延續英式環境教育、生態保育等教育性議題的環境運動,直到97後香港民間社會才陸陸續續有較激烈的環境保護抗爭行動或運動。
    本研究已訪問台灣與香港具有代表性的九個環保組織,包括:台灣環境保護聯盟、荒野保護協會、台灣綠黨、台灣環境資訊中心、主婦聯盟環境保護基金會、香港地球之友、長春社、綠領行動、綠色力量。經由深入訪談歸納出台灣與香港在推動環保運動近年共同關心的議題、組織動員的能量、行動策略策劃與採用、以及行動策略與目標之差異。
    本研究針對這些民間環保組織對環境保護運動的未來需求進行分析,勾勒出台灣與香港環保組織對環保運動的四種未來想像,包括:生態教育、反污染行動、突發事件動員、長期抗爭等類型,希望提供給台灣和香港民間環保組織在未來推動環保運動的行動參考。
    本研究發現,在對長期環境議題、突發環境議題、環境或生態教育、反污染抗爭或環保運動的前提下,透過二維面象描繪,提出台灣與香港環境保護團體的未來策略分析之下的發現如下:台灣環境保護聯盟是活躍型的環境保護團體,他們最初是處於突發環境議題裡面的反污染抗爭或環保運動領域,在未來他們可以朝向突發環境議題的環境或生態教育,或者可以朝向長期環境議題的環境或生態教育的方向,也可以朝向反污染抗爭或環保運動的方向。台灣綠黨最初是處於突發環境議題裡面的反污染抗爭或環保運動領域,在未來他們可以朝向突發環境議題的環境或生態教育,或者可以朝向長期環境議題的反污染抗爭或環保運動的方向。荒野保護協會與主婦聯盟環境保護基金會屬於是靜態型的環境保護團體,他們最初是處於長期環境議題裡面的環境或生態教育領域,所以在未來他們會持續保持在原來的方向。台灣環境資訊協會最初是處於長期環境議題的環境或生態教育的領域,在未來他們可以朝向突發環境議的環境或生態教育,也可以朝向反污染抗爭或環保運動的方向。
    香港環境保護團體長春社最初是處於在長期環境議題裡面的環境或生態教育領域,在未來他們可以朝向突發環境議題的環境或生態教育的方向。綠色力量最初是處於長期環境議題裡面的環境或生態教育領域,在未來他們可以朝向突發環境議題的環境或生態教育方向。綠領行動最初是處於長期環境議題裡面的環境或生態教育領域,在未來他們可以朝向長期環境議題的反污染抗爭或環保運動方向,也可以朝向突發環境議題的環境或生態教育方向。地球之友最初處於長期環境議題裡面的環境或生態教育領域,在未來他們可以朝向突發環境議題的環境或生態教育,也可以朝向反污染抗爭或環保運動的方向。
    Environmental movement has become one of the world''s major social movements. Before the lifting of martial law, Taiwan had anti-pollution, anti-nuclear and other environmental movements, the environmental movements in Hong Kong adopted British environmental education, ecological conservation, since 1997, Hong Kong’s civil society gradually have more intense environmental protest actions or movements.
    In this study, researcher had visited representatively nine environmental organizations in Taiwan and Hong Kong, including: Taiwan Environmental Protection Union, Green Party Taiwan, Taiwan Environmental Information Association, The Society of Wildness, Homemakers United Foundation, The Conservancy Association, Greeners Action, Green Power, Friends of the Earth ( Hong Kong). Summarize the differences between Taiwan and Hong Kong in recent years, the environmental movement to focus on issues such as, ability of mobilization, operations planning, action Strategy planning and adoption, action strategies and goal through in-depth interview.
    In this study I analyze the future demand for local non-governmental organization’s environmental movement, outlines the environmental organizations in Taiwan and Hong Kong with four types of the future imagination of the environmental movement, including: Eco-education, anti-pollution action, emergency mobilization, long-term protest and so on, provide Taiwan and Hong Kong‘s environmental organizations to promote future environmental movement as action as references.
    The study found that the long-term environmental issues, unexpected environmental issues, environmental or ecological education, anti-pollution protest or environmental movement, through the Cartesian coordinate system depicted that Taiwan and Hong Kong’s environmental groups the future strategy of the analysis under the following: Taiwan Environmental Protection Union is an active environmental group, they initially position themselves in unexpected environmental issues such as anti-pollution protest or the environmental movement in the field, In the future they may drive toward unexpected environmental education environmental or ecological issues, toward long-term environmental issues of environmental or ecological education orientation, or can also toward anti-pollution protest or environmental movement. Green Party Taiwan was initially situated in unexpected environmental issues of anti-pollution protest or the environmental movement in the field; in the future they may look toward unexpected environmental issues of environmental education or ecological issues, or can toward the long-term environmental issues of the anti-pollution protest or environmental movement direction. The Society of Wildness and Homemakers United Foundation is static environmental group, they were originally in the field of long-term environmental issues within the environmental or ecological education, so in the future they will continue to remain in the original direction. Taiwan Environmental Information Association initially in the field of long-term environmental issues inside environmental or ecological education, in the future they could focus toward unexpected environmental or ecological proposed environmental education, can also be the anti-pollution protest or environmental movement. The Conservancy Association was initially in long-term environmental issues in the areas of environmental or ecological education, in the future they may result in unexpected environmental issues of environmental or ecological education. Green Power was originally in the field of long-term environmental issues inside the environment or ecological education; In the future they may stay in the unexpected environmental issues with environment or ecological education. Greeners Action was initially in the field of long-term environmental issues inside the environment or ecological education, in the future they could surround in long-term environmental issues of the anti-pollution protest or environmental movement can also keep in direction towards the unexpected environmental issues of the environmental or ecological education. Friends of the Earth ( Hong Kong) was initially in the field of long-term environmental issues of the environmental or ecological education, in the future they may position themselves in the unexpected environmental issues of the environmental or ecological education, can also stay towards the anti-pollution protest or environmental movement direction.
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