本研究旨在探討應用議題中心教學法於法治教育課程對國小高年級學生公民資質的影響。研究採不等組前後測準實驗設計，以新北市某國小高年級現有班級作實驗分組，二個班級58人為實驗組，於五年級下學期至六年級上學期進行八週共16節應用議題中心教學法於法治教育課程；另二個班級59 人為對照組，不施予任何實驗處理，用講述法進行法治教育。 研究工具為兒童公民技能量表，下有兒童公民知識、兒童公民技能和兒童公民責任三個分量表。將資料以獨立樣本t檢定、配對t檢定與共變數分析等統計方法進行分析。研究結果發現： 一、實施應用議題中心教學法於國小高年級法治教育課程明顯提升低分組學生的兒童公民資質。 1.學生在「公民資質總分」和「公民責任（自己）」具有顯著進步。 2.低分組學生不論在公民資質總分和各分量表，後測的分數與前測相比均有顯著進步。 二、議題中心教學法與傳統講述教學法相比較，的確可以提升兒童的公民技能。 1.實驗組學生在「兒童公民資質量表總分」的後測得分顯著優於對照組學生。 2.實驗組學生在「兒童公民技能分量表」的後測分數顯著優於對照組學生。 因此本研究建議： 一、將議題中心教學法應用於法治教育課程中，提升學生公民資質。 二、改變教學策略，以議題中心教學法促進學生公民技能的發展。 The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of “Applying the Issues-Centered Approach in Law-Related Education Course” on the fifth and sixth grade students’ citizenship . This study conducted a pretest-posttest quasi- experimental design. The 117 students from fifth to sixth grade of an elementary school were selected and divided into two groups. 58 students in the experimental group were received the “Applying Issues-Centered Approach in Law-Related Education Course” for 16 classes in 8 weeks, while the other 59 students in the control group were maintained traditional teaching method in the same curriculum . The research tools for the present study were “The Inventory of citizenship for Children, including “The Inventory of Civic Knowledge for Children”, “The Inventory of Civic Skills for Children”, “The Inventory of Citizen Responsibility for Children” .The data were analyzed by “Independent samples t test”, Paired-Samples t Test” and “ANCOVA” for analysis. The results of the study are summarized as below. 1.“Applying the Issues-Centered Approach in Law-Related Education Course” do upgrade the citizenship of children in the experimental group who got low grade by the “The Inventory of Citizenship for Children” before the curriculum. 2. Comparing the traditional teaching method, the Issues-Centered Approach is more effective in promoting the children’s Civic Skills. Therefore, this study suggests elementary school Applying the Issues-Centered Approach in Law-Related Education Course” so as to promote the children’s citizenship and civic skills.