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    Title: 塔吉克在俄羅斯中亞戰略之角色及俄塔關係之研究(1991-2012)
    Other Titles: The role of Tajikistan in Russia's central Asia strategy and the bilateral relationship between Russia and Tajikistan (1991-2012)
    Authors: 周娪;Chou, Yu
    Contributors: 淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班
    彼薩列夫;Pissarev, Alexander
    Keywords: 俄羅斯;塔吉克;歐亞主義;中亞;Russia;Tajikistan;Eurasianism;Central Asia
    Date: 2014
    Issue Date: 2015-05-01 13:42:15 (UTC+8)
    Abstract:   蘇聯解體後,俄羅斯國力銳減、國際地位受挫,並且失去了南方安全屏障,受到來自南方的安全威脅。在此情勢下,俄羅斯對外政策由大西洋主義逐漸走向歐亞主義,其核心思維為鞏固與鄰國之關係,提升俄羅斯歐亞大國的地位,維護俄羅斯國家安全。歐亞主義也認為,中亞為俄羅斯重要的核心戰略區域。俄羅斯必須保障中亞地區的穩定,才可維護俄羅斯國家安全與利益。在此概念之下,俄羅斯注重與中亞國家的關係。俄羅斯中亞安全戰略意義在於重建南方安全緩衝帶,在經濟方面則為求壟斷中亞能源市場。
      在中亞戰略下,本文聚焦於塔吉克在俄羅斯中亞戰略中所扮演之角色,以及俄羅斯與塔吉克之關係。塔吉克由於內戰的爆發,成為蘇聯解體後俄羅斯介入中亞事務的起點,可說塔吉克是俄羅斯重返中亞的跳板。同時,塔吉克是中亞中國力最為脆弱的國家,也因為與阿富汗共有相連最長的邊界,深受阿富汗毒品與恐怖主義的影響,進而威脅中亞與俄羅斯安全,塔吉克邊界進而成為俄羅斯鞏固中亞安全的前線。俄羅斯藉由軍事、禁毒、反恐的區域安全合作,保障塔吉克邊界的安全情勢。在經濟方面,主要是試圖掌握塔吉克水力發電發展、勞工移民合作,以鞏固俄羅斯在區域的勢力,抗衡國外強權,以及提振俄羅斯國內經濟。
      After Soviet Union collapsed, the national power and international status of Russia dropped. Russia also lost its southern protection, which caused lots of security threats from the south. In this situation, the Russian foreign policy gradually changed from Atlanticism to Eurasianism. Eurasianists believe that Central Asia is an important strategic area of Russia. Russia needs to ensure the stability in Central Asia, and then Russia can maintain its own national security and interests. Russia’s strategic significance of security in Central Asia is to reconstruct the southern border, and the strategic economic significance is to monopolize the energy markets of Central Asia.
      This thesis focuses on the role of Tajikistan in Russia’s Central Asia strategy, and the relations between Russia and Tajikistan. As a result of Tajik civil war, Tajikistan has become the starting point where Russia got itself involved in Central Asian affairs after Soviet Union collapsed. It can be said that Tajikistan is the springboard for Russia’s return back to Central Asia. Meanwhile, Tajikistan is the most vulnerable country in Central Asia; Drug trafficking and terrorism proliferation from Afghanistan has spread to Tajikistan as well as to the whole Central Asia and has become threats to Russia; therefore, Tajikistan is seen as the front line by Russia to ensure the stability of Central Asia region. On economic aspect, Russia tries to control Tajik hydropower development and the immigration relations, so that Russia can consolidate its regional position, contend with other international powers, and even improve its economy.
    Appears in Collections:[歐洲研究所] 學位論文

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