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|Other Titles: ||Mainland Chinese spouses in Taiwan : immigration policy and management mechanism (2002-2012)|
|Authors: ||戴金蓮;Tai, Chin-lien|
曾復生;Tzeng, Hu-sheng;何思因;Ho, Szu-yin
|Keywords: ||大陸地區;大陸配偶;面談機制;政策分析;Mainland China;Mainland Chinese Spouses;Face-to-face Interview Mechanism;policy analysis|
|Issue Date: ||2015-05-01 13:42:02 (UTC+8)|
Despite of the longstanding tension between Taiwan and the Mainland China in the past few decades, interactions between people across Taiwan Strait in trade, culture and education, and social aspects is becoming increasingly frequent and warm since the Taiwan government adopted an open policy towards China in 1987. Since 1987, the government has implemented a number of humanitarian policies, including allowing people in Taiwan to visit relatives in China, allowing Mainland Chinese wives of elderly war veterans to reunite with their spouses in Taiwan, and allowing Taiwanese citizens to marry Mainland Chinese and granting Mainland Chinese spouses residency. Because Taiwan and China use the same language and share some common cultural heritage, cross-strait intermarriage is now a prevalent phenomenon, and the number of Mainland Chinese spouses in Taiwan is rapidly on the rise.
This study examines the evolvement of government policy toward Mainland Chinese spouses in the past decade (2002 ~ 2012) and compares the residency policies for foreign spouses and Mainland Chinese spouses in different stages. This paper finds that government has been according differential treatment to foreign spouses and Mainland Chinese spouses. Echoing President Ma''s national vision of "Golden Decade, Peace with China", Mainland Chinese spouses should receive the same level of protection and be granted equal rights when they come live in Taiwan to create a happy family with their Taiwanese husband or wife. Guided by the U.N. conventions against discrimination and the goals of international human rights, the government should amend its administration policy for Mainland Chinese spouses in the direction of "respect human rights" to safeguard their basic rights of living in Taiwan.
This study suggests that the government should actively promote the new immigrant policy to eliminate sham marriage and other illegal activities, continuously improve marriage interview policy, respect human rights while relaxing the immigration policy towards Mainland Chinese spouses. On other fronts, the government can implement the home visit mechanism from the standpoint of caring about the life of Mainland Chinese spouses in Taiwan, and offer them assistance in immigration matters, offer courses for new immigrant families, and advocate happy family and vow of love in the hope to effectively reduce the divorce rate of new immigrants. To keep in line with the trends, the government should amend regulations governing Mainland Chinese spouses and streamline legal systems regarding cross-strait exchange as this study hopes to offer positive feedback and restrospection to cross-strait marriage in the future.
|Appears in Collections:||[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文|
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