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    題名: 中國水資源問題之研究 : 國家安全觀點
    其他題名: A study on the problem of water resources in China : from a viewpoint of national security
    作者: 劉木金;Liu, Mu-Chin
    貢獻者: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班
    施正權;Shih, Cheng-chuan
    關鍵詞: 水資源;國家安全;water resource;National security
    日期: 2014
    上傳時間: 2015-05-01 13:41:57 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 中國自改革開放後在追求經貿與科技發展的同時,對於自然資源的消耗速度也呈現快速的成長,進而形成生存環境與天然資源的競逐,造成彼此之間的競爭與衝突現象時常發生,除了影響中國的內政與國家安全外,也間接影響周邊地區的安全。
    為了維持經濟發展與國家安全,中國當局極度重視水資源的問題,因此自1979年中國改革開放以來,各階段的領導人無不竭盡全力地採取行動,以面對來自水資源問題的挑戰,而不同的領導人時期又有截然不同的挑戰與因應,本論文研究主軸大致以鄧小平、江澤民、胡錦濤等三個階段為主。
    中國的經濟崛起,其代價是能源的消耗、生態環境的污染與犧牲人民的健康等代價所換來的,而這些代價雖然促使中國的強大,但也形成對國家安全不同面向的威脅。目前中國的水資源問題已提升為威脅國家安全的層級議題,其中主要係來自環境汙染與水資源不足的挑戰。本研究從國家安全的觀點上,探討中國當局應處水資源的作為;並分析不同領導人時期從法制化、創新化、政府管理、水資源保護等面向所進行政策與所產生的影響,以對照不同階段發展需求所形成的戰略思維。
    At present, China in the trade and development of science and technology at the same time, the consumption of natural resources speed also showed rapid growth, resulting in natural resources competition, resulting in disputes and conflicts between each other,indirectly affect the safety of the surrounding areas.China economic rise, the sacrifice is the energy consumption, environmental pollution, people''s health problems, which is different from the traditional security threats to national security crisis. As Chinese related in the environment and water resources mainly discusses Chinese after reform and opening up this nearly forty years, can be roughly divided into Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao three stages:
    And the future trend of water resources environment of the current China mainly as follows: first, water resources protection legal system; two, the concept of innovation; three, the government management rationalization; four, the water resources sustainable development; five, water resources protection law; six, the construction of water-saving society, water resources protection technology; seven etc.. The review of the current policy of water resources China place mainly as follows: the over exploitation of water resources, water resources shortage is increasingly prominent; the lack of efficient utilization and effective protection of water pollution control work; gap; to improve water resource management level; water resources utilization and water conservancy facilities aging.
    顯示於類別:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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