|摘要: ||美國至今無人能敵的強大軍事力量使大部份學者們認為，她能夠持續維持其世界第一超級強權的地位。然而，在當我們更進一步跨入這個所謂¬「亞洲世紀」的年代裡，必須要認知到亞洲區域的國家特別是中國，她運用一種不同於西方國家的競爭方式，她有策略性的運用硬權力如經濟力量、戰略力量，以及軟權力如其價值，政策以及其風俗文化等軟硬權力組合之力量， 對世界政治發揮其影響力並於全球政局中取得她的地位。|
巧實力這個名詞，被認為是由兩位極力支持國際自由主義，其倡導策略性運用軟、硬力量組合的著名學者Joseph Nye與Suzanne Nossel所創。
Most scholars believe that the United States will continue to be the world’s foremost superpower due to its unmatched military might. However, as we enter further into what many have now dubbed the “Asian Century”, it is time to recognize that Asian nations, and in particular Mainland China (中國), are also strategically applying the combination of both hard (economic, strategic) and soft (values, policies, institutions) power, albeit in different and competing types, to make their impact and claim their station on the global stage. This strategic combination of both hard and soft power has been coined as “Smart Power”.
The term Smart Power has been attributed to academics Joseph Nye and Suzanne Nossel—staunch promoters of American liberal internationalism through the strategic use of both hard and soft power.
While there are hard power rivalries between the United States and China in the Asia Pacific, China’s use of Smart Power to achieve its policy objectives has already begun to alter the balance of the U.S.-China relationship in favor of the Middle Kingdom. Examples can be seen in China’s strategic use of its growing influence on the global stage, by way of United Nations Security Council vetoes; creation of new bilateral relationships; strengthening of strategic alliances; as well as a strengthening of its national capacity in the areas of research, national development, culture, laws and education.
Nearly two centuries after Napoleon’s famous quote on China, the dragon is not only awake, but roaring. Foreign companies in Asia, factories in Africa, and even villages in Italy and streets in France have been acquired by astute Chinese businessmen. Although growth may have slowed in the midst of the world debt crisis, China remains the world’s manufacturing powerhouse and America’s biggest creditor. Recently, a Washington think tank made the bold prediction that the Yuan could overtake the U.S. dollar as the principal reserve currency within a decade. As a result, many decision-makers are rethinking their approach to the “Return of the Dragon.”