|Abstract: ||國會議員的核心目標，都是想要「追求勝選連任」（Mayhew, 1974），在立法院問政提案、參與立法、監督行政部門，正是代議士個人政治理想或政黨政綱的具體實踐，而問政內容與過程是關係政黨競爭、選區利益、或攸關全民福祉。|
The main concern of every legislator is to seek for winning next campaign. (Mayhew:1974) Delegates realize their politician ideas or party principals through lawmaking process, interpellation, and supervision of administration department. The content usually relate to parties competition, benefit of electoral districts, or social warfare.
Issues of cross-strait relations have become main subject for general interpellation of 7th legislative yuan members. This study uses content analysis, and concentrates on sorting out variety cross-strait issues of legislators’ focus, and percentage of these issues in their interpellation while comparing their agenda preference according to different parties and electoral districts or influence of current news and public opinion.
3 significant events are selected as case studies in this thesis, including Chen, Yunlin visited Taiwan, Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement, and academic recognition of Mainland China, to analyze related content from legislators in interpellation. In order to understand the influence of different electoral districts and party backgrounds to legislators’ interpellation, I choose 6 legislators to analyze their cross-strait focus in oral interpellation, including Lai, Shyh-Bao, Chang, Hwa-Kuan, Chiang, Lin-Chun, Chen, Ting-Fei , Lin, Yi- Shih and Ker, Chien-Ming.
As a result of this study, cross-strait issues stand 28% of whole agenda in the general interpellation, in which half of them are economic. KMT’s legislators concern more about cross-strait economy while DPP’s legislators concern rather about political agenda. In addition, the numbers of cross-strait related interpellation obviously increase when there is current news impact.
Case studies indicate that legislators prefer to strengthen their party’s position in high political issues, while they are more flexible in explaining their own opinion as individual in low political issues, and they expresses much politic ideology of party rather than practical discussion. Within framework of the single-member district and two-vote system, delegates tend to maximize their votes by stating their position towards median voters, however, in the cases of this thesis, legislators who won election against their competitors with little difference show no preference to appeal median voters in their interpellation related to cross-strait issues.