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    題名: 消除對婦女一切形式歧視公約禁止雇用歧視條款之研究 : 對日本國內法與判例的影響
    其他題名: The research for the prohibition of the employment discrimination on the convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women : its influence toward Japanese law systems and legal precedent
    作者: 吳美虹;Wu, Mei-Hung
    貢獻者: 淡江大學亞洲研究所碩士在職專班
    胡慶山;Hu, Ching-Shan
    關鍵詞: 消除對婦女一切形式歧視公約;男女機會均等;婦女權利;禁止在雇用領域上歧視女性;男女雇用機會均等法;Gender Equality;women's rights;the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW);discrimination against women;女性の人権;雇用における差別撤廃;女子差別撤廃条約;男女の均等機会;女子差別撤廃委員
    日期: 2014
    上傳時間: 2015-05-01 13:35:05 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 現今的資本主義社會中,經濟資源影響著個人權利的取得,而雇用領域上的男女機會均等則是性別平權的基礎。第二次世界大戰後,國際社會開始重視 「女性人權」,以聯合國為中心,積極推動婦女運動。1979年12月18日聯合國第34屆大會通過《消除對婦女一切形式歧視公約》(the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women,CEDAW),此公約自1981年9月生效,全世界已有187個國家簽署加入。
    該公約是一個有關保障婦女權利的國際公約,其內容闡明男女平等享有一切經濟、社會、文化、公民和政治權利,締約國應採取立法及一切適當措施,消除對婦女之歧視,確保男女在教育、就業、保健、家庭、政治、法律、社會、經濟等各方面享有平等權利,此一公約可稱之為「婦女人權法典」。
    日本於1985年通過該公約,成為第72個締約國。根據該公約第11條規定禁止在雇用領域上歧視女性,該年,日本制定「男女雇用機會均等法」為實現男女平等。根據該公約第18條規定各締約國有責任在公約對該國生效後1年內以及以後至少每4年,就該國執行公約各項規定向聯合國秘書長提出報告,而委員會亦有義務在審議報告書後提出建議。委員會除接受各締約國的政府報告書之外,亦接受各非政府組織所提供的反論報告書。至今,日本政府已提出6次政府報告書,透過公約的監督機制促進男女平等。
    本論文以研究該公約第11條禁止在雇用領域上歧視女性對日本法制度的影響為重點,期望能為台灣婦女找到更好且更能順應時代潮流的法制度。
    Today''s capitalist society, economic resources affects the acquisition of personal rights, and the field of employment equal opportunities for men and women is the basis for gender equality. After World War II, the international community began to emphasis on "women''s rights". Initially, the United Nations started to actively promote the women''s movement. The 34th United Nations General Assembly, by resolution, adopted the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) on December 18, 1979 and it entered into force on September 1981. Until now ,there are 187 state parties signed in this international Convention. In the Convention, the definition of “discrimination against women” is clearly stated that women’s rights in all fields including politics, judiciary, economy, employment, education and family relationship shall be properly protected. This convention can be called "Women''s Human Rights Code".
     Japan ratified the Convention on the preparedness of domestic law, and in 1985 passed, became the seventh twelve States Parties. In accordance with article 11 of the Convention, States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in the field of employment in order to ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women, the same rights, in particular. In accordance with article 18 of the Convention, State Parties undertake to submit to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, for consideration by the Committee within one year after the entry into force for the State concerned; thereafter at least every four years and further whenever the Committee so requests. The Committee also receive the counter reports from NGO. Until now, Japanese government has submitted country report Six times. By monitoring the implement of the present Convention to promote the real gender equality.
    顯示於類別:[亞洲研究所] 學位論文

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