|摘要: ||現今的資本主義社會中，經濟資源影響著個人權利的取得，而雇用領域上的男女機會均等則是性別平權的基礎。第二次世界大戰後，國際社會開始重視 「女性人權」，以聯合國為中心，積極推動婦女運動。1979年12月18日聯合國第34屆大會通過《消除對婦女一切形式歧視公約》（the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women，CEDAW），此公約自1981年9月生效，全世界已有187個國家簽署加入。|
Today''s capitalist society, economic resources affects the acquisition of personal rights, and the field of employment equal opportunities for men and women is the basis for gender equality. After World War II, the international community began to emphasis on "women''s rights". Initially, the United Nations started to actively promote the women''s movement. The 34th United Nations General Assembly, by resolution, adopted the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) on December 18, 1979 and it entered into force on September 1981. Until now ，there are 187 state parties signed in this international Convention. In the Convention, the definition of “discrimination against women” is clearly stated that women’s rights in all fields including politics, judiciary, economy, employment, education and family relationship shall be properly protected. This convention can be called "Women''s Human Rights Code".
Japan ratified the Convention on the preparedness of domestic law, and in 1985 passed, became the seventh twelve States Parties. In accordance with article 11 of the Convention, States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in the field of employment in order to ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women, the same rights, in particular. In accordance with article 18 of the Convention, State Parties undertake to submit to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, for consideration by the Committee within one year after the entry into force for the State concerned; thereafter at least every four years and further whenever the Committee so requests. The Committee also receive the counter reports from NGO. Until now, Japanese government has submitted country report Six times. By monitoring the implement of the present Convention to promote the real gender equality.