Coffee is one of the economic crops in Central America ,all the countries are the major coffee producing areas in the global coffee market and occupies an important position. In the beginning of the development of coffee, the rich and powerful class competing for the economic benefits of coffee, therefore forming the coffee elite phenomenon.Since they monopolized the coffee economy, so those underclass aboriginal farm workers suffered from miserable life.Coffee elite also affected the Central American political and economic situations.
The modern monopoly force of coffee economy falls into the hands of the multinational food companies, they control coffee prices and global market.But coffee farm workers are still under exploitation. Thus coffee certification system emerges to help farmers. Multinational food companies also begin to purchase certified coffee to maintain the sustainability of the coffee industry. However, the practical help of the system to the farmers in Central America and the pro and con of certified coffee, gradually leads to new discussions.
Taiwan is suitable for the cultivation of coffee as it is located in the "coffee belt" as Central America, Therefore Taiwan also produces coffee,but the production scale is small. Influenced by Western culture due to convenient trasportation, Taiwan''s coffee market began develop rapidly, coffee becomes one of the daily drinks of Taiwanes people.The country’s coffee consumption is expanding fastly,which makes the imported coffee become a main stream.
Due to the high quality and reasonable price of Central American coffee, the imported coffee from Central America’s five countries is getting more and more popular in Taiwan.
This thesis explores the history of coffee in Central America and Taiwan, together with the data from 2002 to 2012 to understand the coffee trade between Central America and Taiwan, analyzing the differences between Central American and Taiwan’s coffee industry, and their future prospects.