本論文得到兩項研究發現。首先，本論文所提出之假設獲得驗證成立：歐巴馬政府為了避免中共在亞太地區成為獨霸，必須積極與印度建立安全關係；其次，美國並未與印度建立起軍事聯盟。 Stability in South Asia has been critical to the Asia Pacific region. The Obama administration, facing the challenges from China, decided to adopt the policy of re-balancing the Asia Pacific region. To substantially achieve the goal of balance of power in Asia, the U.S. Obama administration will have to see India as in the role of balancer.
In this thesis, the author firstly applies the concept of balance of power from Stephen Walt’s alliance theory as a framework for analysis. In particular, this thesis focuses on the exploration of the following hypothesis: To prevent China from dominating the Asia Pacific, the United States must actively establish security relations with India; next, the author explores the background of the U.S. policy toward India during the Cold War era and its transformation after the post Cold War era; then, focuses on the content of Obama administration’s security policy toward India, particularly on his strategic consideration toward India. Finally, the author explores the results of Obama administration’s security policy toward India and China’s response, and examines the hypothesis of alliance theory.
The thesis concludes with two main findings: First, the evidence validates the author’s hypothesis which is the Obama administration will have to actively establish security relations with India to prevent China from dominating Asia Pacific. Second, the U.S. did not form military alliance with India.