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|Other Titles: ||Relationship between Honduras military coup in 2009 and it's political democratization|
|Authors: ||陳瑤;Chen, Yau|
|Keywords: ||宏都拉斯;2009年;軍人政變;政治;民主化;Honduras;2009;Military Coup;Politics;democratization|
|Issue Date: ||2015-05-01 13:31:29 (UTC+8)|
宏都拉斯政變是該國自1981年實現民主化以來的首次政變，同時也是二十一世紀中美地區的第一次政變，為美洲國家組織成員國於2001年簽署《美洲民主憲章》（Carta Democratica Interamericana）後，首次接受的真正考驗。根據筆者研究，發現本論文之研究結果與筆者起初之假設一致，即前總統塞拉亞的公投違反憲法，而軍方發動政變並驅逐塞拉亞總統一事，同屬違憲行為。
On June 28, 2009, Honduras launched a military coup, rarely seen in years, against former President Zelaya. This is due to the former President Zelaya tried to be re-elected in the national referendum. On the day of referendum, the opposition and the powerful intervening military forces launched the coup together. Although the result is not large-scale bloodshed, but this has resulted in the interim government led Honduras into a constitutional crisis. In addition to the internal sporadic troubles, the interim government was under lambasting internationally and was under intervention from many international organizations. It was until November 27, 2009, Lobo was elected as the new president of Honduras, and the coup was able to be gradually dispelled.
This coup was the country''s first coup since its democratization in 1981, and it is the first coup in Central America in the 21st century since signing of the " Inter-American Democratic Charter " by the OAS member States in 2001. This appeared to be the first real challenge for the charter. According to the author, she found that the result of this thesis research is consistent with the author''s initial assumption, that the former President Zelaya’s referendum was unconstitutional, and so is the military coup and the expulsion of President Zelaya.
The 2009 Honduras coup reflects not only Latin American countries tradition of the "super president" and its " military intervention ", but it also shows the fragility of democratic development in this region. Its democracy still remains to be the test of time. In the 2013 election, Hernandez, the candidate of National Party, was elected as president of the new term. In 2014, the incumbent President Lobo will hand Hernandez this economic backward poor country, hopefully this new government came to power will lead its people towards a healthier social development stage in Honduras.
|Appears in Collections:||[美洲研究所] 學位論文|
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