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    Title: 論拉丁美洲新歌之社會意義
    Other Titles: A discourse on social meanings of Latin American New Song (Nueva Canción Latinoamericana)
    Authors: 吳珍季;Wu, Zhen-Ji
    Contributors: 淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班
    熊建成;Juan, Hung-Hui
    Keywords: 六0年代;拉丁美洲新歌;新左派;社會現實;政治訴求;泛拉丁美洲認同;公平正義;1960s;Latin American New Song;new leftists;social realities;political demand;pan Latin American identity;equality and justice
    Date: 2014
    Issue Date: 2015-05-01 13:31:24 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 二十世紀六0年代是全球五大洲革新震撼的年代,這個年代除了有政治與經濟上的變革,亦有文化與社會價值觀的重塑需求,於是,此時的新左派青年知識份子傾向以文化、文學、藝術、音樂的管道表達不滿與訴求。全球各地皆有以民歌介入政治抗爭的例子,此時民歌再次復興,融入更多元的實驗形式,並且與社會發展密切結合,這個時期的民歌清楚地反應社會現實與政治訴求。

    拉丁美洲新歌是拉丁美洲在六0年代全球意識形態轉變的時期下,順應世界潮流而產生之獨特的音樂表達方式。拉丁美洲新歌是左派知識份子進行的文化統合進步工作,他們利用在地化民謠、結合原住民樂器與吉他連結人民大眾,且因為拉丁美洲歷史發展之因素,拉丁美洲新歌呈現出較為強烈的意識形態,在拉丁美洲產生的效應幾乎遍佈拉丁美洲與加勒比海各個國家,各國亦因為現實生活與音樂傳統之不同而各有特色,並且在世界,尤其對歐洲的音樂市場造成衝擊,可以說,拉丁美洲新歌也影響了國際觀感。

    拉丁美洲新歌的意識形態表達了人民追求民族獨立的鬥爭,藉由強化泛拉丁美洲認同來凝聚向心力,以歌曲激勵行動,以去殖民化的精神為其中心思想,並與古巴革命後的新時代、格瓦拉的新人思想結合,最終目的則是追求社會的公平正義,建構拉丁美洲的人性尊嚴與美好未來。

    本文利用歷史研究法、文獻分析法、內容分析法闡釋拉丁美洲新歌產生的歷史背景,在歷史發展下拉丁美洲新歌的種類與發展,拉丁美洲新歌所具有的特色,以及拉丁美洲新歌所要呈現的政治意識形態。可以得知拉丁美洲新歌捕捉到時代的精神與思潮,並且在當代,拉丁美洲新歌仍然持續發揮其影響力,甚至影響了重要政治領導人的文化政策。
    1960s was a decade for five continents of the globe to revolutionize and shock. In this decade, there were not only the transformation of politics and economics, but also the re-shaping of cultural and social values. Thus, the intellectuals of new left youth tended to express their protest and demand through ways of culture, literature, art, and music. There were examples of folk music engaging in political protests all over the world, and this stood for the decade of folk revival music, too. Folk revival music involved more multiple and experimental forms in, closely relating to the development of the society. Folk revival music of the decade clearly reflected social realities and political demand.

    Latin American New Song was a unique way of music expression which was created under the way of world tendency of global ideology collision and transformation in 1960s. Latin American New Song was progressive works of cultural integration practiced by left intellectuals. They made use of local folk music, as well combined them with indigenous music instruments and guitars to unite the mass population. Because of the developmental facts of Latin American history, Latin American New Song contained stronger political ideologies in it. Its effects were spread to almost every country in Latin America and the Caribbean, and Latin American New Song in each country held distinct characteristics due to its real life and different music traditions. Also, it had obvious impact on European music market. That is to say, Latin American New Song had an influence on world viewpoints.

    The ideology of Latin American New Song was to express the struggle for people to pursue independence. Its goals were to consolidate people together by reinforcing pan Latin American identity and to encourage actions by songs on the basis of de-colonial spirits and integrating thoughts with new age after Cuban Revolution and Che Guevara’s New Man as well. In consequence, Latin American New Song aimed to set up social equality and justice and to construct human dignity and a better future for Latin America.

    This thesis used historical research, documentary analysis and content analysis to explain the historical background of Latin American New Song, the main kinds of Latin American New Song, their development and characteristics under this background, and the political ideologies in it. As a result, Latin American New Song caught the zeitgeist of the decade, 1960s. Until now, Latin American New Song is still influential. Even, it has an influence on the cultural policy of important political leaders in the twenty-first century.
    Appears in Collections:[美洲研究所] 學位論文

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